Norwood Svenstrup posted an update 1 year, 4 months ago
The value of automation and robots in every manufacturing industries is increasing. Industrial robots have replaced human beings inside a wide variety of industries. Robots beat humans in jobs that want precision, speed, endurance and reliability. Robots safely perform dirty and dangerous jobs. Traditional manufacturing robotic applications include material handling (pick make), assembling, painting, welding, packaging, palletizing, product inspection and testing. Industrial robots are used within a diverse array of industries including automotive, electronics, medical, food production, biotech, pharmaceutical and machinery.
The ISO concept of a manipulating industrial robot is "an automatically controlled, reprogrammable, multipurpose manipulator". In accordance with the definition it is usually fixed in place or mobile for usage in industrial automation applications. These industrial robots are programmable in 3 or more axes. They are multi-functional tools that could be custom-built and developed to perform a various operations.
The most important advantages of industrial robots is because can be designed to suit industry specific requirements and may work continuously for many years, consistently meeting high manufacturing quality standards. The economic lifespan associated with an industrial robot is roughly 12-16 years. Because of the persistent accuracy industrial robots are getting to be a vital a part of manufacturing.
Industrial robots are categorized into different categories based on their mechanical structure. The main types of industrial robots are:
Gantry (Cartesian) Robot: They are stationary robots having three elements of motion. They work from an overhead grid which has a rectangular work envelope. These are mainly accustomed to perform ‘pick and place’ actions. Gantry robots have their axes across the work making them also suitable for dispensing applications.
SCARA Robots: (Selectively Compliant Articulated Robot Arm) These robots have 4 axes to move. They move within an x-y-z coordinated circular work envelope. You can use them for factory automation requiring pick and put work, application and assembly operations and handling machine tools.
Articulated robots: An articulated robot has rotary joints. It might have from two to ten or higher interactive joints. Articulated robots are very suitable for welding, painting and assembly.
Basic industrial robot designs might be customized by building different peripherals. End effectors, optical systems, and motion controllers are necessary add-ons. End effectors would be the end-of-arm-tooling (EOAT) that come with robotic arms. Grippers or wrenches that are utilized to move or assemble parts are types of end effectors. End effectors were created and employed to sense and talk with the external environment. The finish effectors’ design is dependent upon the applying requirements from the specific industry. Machine Vision systems are robotic optical systems. They may be built-on digital input/output devices and computer networks used to control other manufacturing equipment for example robotic arms. Machine vision is employed for the inspection of product which such as semiconductor chips. Motion controllers are used to move robots and position stages smoothly and accurately with sub-micron repeatability.
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