Norwood Svenstrup posted an update 10 months ago
The need for automation and robots in all manufacturing industries is increasing. Industrial robots have replaced individuals in the wide variety of industries. Robots out perform humans in jobs which need precision, speed, endurance and reliability. Robots safely perform dirty and dangerous jobs. Traditional manufacturing robotic applications include material handling (pick and set), assembling, painting, welding, packaging, palletizing, product inspection and testing. Industrial robots are employed in the diverse range of industries including automotive, electronics, medical, food production, biotech, pharmaceutical and machinery.
The ISO concise explaination a manipulating industrial robot is "an automatically controlled, reprogrammable, multipurpose manipulator". In accordance with the definition it could be fixed in position or mobile to be used in industrial automation applications. These industrial robots are programmable in three or more axes. They may be multi-functional devices which can be custom-built and designed to perform a variety of operations.
The main benefits of industrial robots is because could be designed to suit industry specific requirements which enable it to work continuously for decades, consistently meeting high manufacturing quality standards. The cost-effective life time of an industrial robot is roughly 12-16 years. Because of the persistent accuracy industrial robots are getting to be a vital portion of manufacturing.
Industrial robots are categorized into different categories depending on their mechanical structure. The main kinds of industrial robots are:
Gantry (Cartesian) Robot: They may be stationary robots having three portions of motion. They work from an overhead grid with a rectangular work envelope. They are mainly employed to perform ‘pick and place’ actions. Gantry robots have all their axes above the work driving them to also perfect for dispensing applications.
SCARA Robots: (Selectively Compliant Articulated Robot Arm) These robots have 4 axes of movement. They move within an x-y-z coordinated circular work envelope. They are utilized for factory automation requiring pick and place work, application and assembly operations and handling machine tools.
Articulated robots: An articulated robot has rotary joints. It might have from two to ten or higher interactive joints. Articulated robots are very fitted to welding, painting and assembly.
Basic industrial robot designs might be customized by building different peripherals. End effectors, optical systems, and motion controllers are necessary add-ons. End effectors are the end-of-arm-tooling (EOAT) mounted on robotic arms. Grippers or wrenches which are accustomed to move or assemble parts are types of end effectors. End effectors are created and used to sense and talk with the external environment. The finish effectors’ design is dependent upon the applying requirements from the specific industry. Machine Vision systems are robotic optical systems. They are built-on digital input/output devices and computer networks utilized to control other manufacturing equipment such as robotic arms. Machine vision is used to the inspection of manufactured goods like semiconductor chips. Motion controllers are widely-used to move robots and position stages smoothly and accurately with sub-micron repeatability.
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